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Harmonization is the name given to the effort by industry to replace the variety of product standards and other regulatory policies adopted by nations in favor of uniform global standards.


A transitional phrase that is synonymous with “including,” “containing” or “characterized by;” is inclusive or open-ended and does not exclude additional, unrecited elements or method steps.

Hidden Public Use:

A public use where the invention is not directly in the public view, and where there is no obligation or intention to purposely keep the use hidden.