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The WIPO Copyright Treaty concluded in Geneva, Switzerland on December 2, 1996.

WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty:

The WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty concluded at Geneva Switzerland , on December 20, 1996.

Work of the United States Government:

A work prepared by an officer or employee of the United States Government as part of that person’s official duties.

Work Made for Hire:

(1) A work prepared by an employee within the scope of his or her employment; or

(2) A work specially ordered or commissioned for use as a contribution to a collective work, as a part of a motion picture or other audiovisual work, as a translation, as a supplementary work, as a compilation, as an instructional text, as a test, as answer material for a test, or as an atlas, if the parties expressly agree in a written instrument signed by them that the work shall be considered a work made for hire. For the purpose of the foregoing sentence, a “supplementary work” is a work prepared for publication as a secondary adjunct to a work by another author for the purpose of introducing, concluding, illustrating, explaining, revising, commenting upon, or assisting in the use of the other work, such as forewords, afterwords, pictorial illustrations, maps, charts, tables, editorial notes, musical arrangements, answer material for tests, bibliographies, appendixes, and indexes, and an “instructional text” is a literary, pictorial, or graphic work prepared for publication and with the purpose of use in systematic instructional activities.