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Derivative Work:

A work based upon one or more preexisting works, such as a translation, musical arrangement, dramatization, fictionalization, motion picture version, sound recording, art reproduction, abridgment, condensation, or any other form in which a work may be recast, transformed, or adapted. A work consisting of editorial revisions, annotations, elaborations, or other modifications that, as a whole, represent an original work of authorship, is a ”derivative work”. The copyright in a derivative work covers only the additions, changes, or other new material appearing for the first time in the work. It does not extend to any preexisting material and does not imply a copyright in that material. One cannot extend the length of protection for a copyrighted work by creating a derivative work. A work that has fallen in the public domain, that is, which is no longer protected by copyright, may be used for a derivative work, but the copyright in the derivative work will not restore the copyright of the public domain material. Neither will it prevent anyone else from using the same public domain work for another derivative work. In any case where a protected work is used unlawfully, that is, without the permission of the owner of copyright, copyright will not be extended to the illegally used part.


A deposit is usually one copy (if unpublished) or two copies (if published) of the work to be registered for copyright. In certain cases such as works of the visual arts, identifying material such as a photograph may be used instead. The deposit is sent with the application and fee and becomes the property of the Library of Congress.


A “device”, “machine”, or “process” is one now known or later developed.


To show a copy of a work, either directly or by means of a film, slide, television image, or any other device or process or, in the case of the motion picture or other audiovisual work, to show individual images non-sequentially.

Distribution Rights:

An author, other copyright claimant, or owner of exclusive right(s) can transfer collateral rights to distribute copies or audio recordings to the public by sale, lease, or rental with out giving up the entire right in the intellectual copyright property.

Duly Authorized Agent:

Any person authorized to act on behalf of the author, other copyright claimant, or owner of exclusive rights.